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Werner Enterprises Reports First Quarter 2014 Revenues and Earnings

OMAHA, Neb.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Apr. 21, 2014-- Werner Enterprises, Inc. (NASDAQ: WERN), one of the nation's largest transportation and logistics companies, reported revenues and earnings for the first quarter ended March 31, 2014.

Summarized financial results for first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013 are as follows (dollars in thousands, except per share data):

  Three Months Ended  
March 31,
2014   2013 % Change
Total revenues $ 492,022 $ 492,887 0


Trucking revenues, net of fuel surcharge 311,522 313,400 (1 )%
Value Added Services (“VAS”) revenues 85,154 82,510 3


Operating income 23,441 28,693 (18 )%
Net income 14,339 17,511 (18 )%
Earnings per diluted share 0.20 0.24 (17 )%

First quarter 2014 freight demand (as measured by the daily morning ratio of loads to trucks in our One-Way Truckload network) showed the strongest first quarter performance in 10 years. A combination of several factors contributed to the demand strength, including (1) the early timing of the 2014 Chinese New Year, (2) relatively lean retail customer inventory levels following the fourth quarter 2013 holiday season, (3) multiple severe winter storms that created a backlog of truckload freight shipments and also caused some severely delayed intermodal freight shipments to shift to truckload, (4) the preamble of a strong December 2013 freight market and (5) a tightening of truck capacity due to increasing trucking company failures, an extremely challenging driver market, expensive new trucks and increasing federal safety regulations. Excluding the first three non-recurring factors listed, we are seeing a meaningful improvement in our freight demand, which we believe is a longer-term shift in market dynamics.

Average revenues per total mile, net of fuel surcharge, rose 3.1% in first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013. This is due to a combination of increased rates with some existing customers, new customer business, surcharges for capacity creation and higher transactional spot market rates in the One-Way Truckload fleet. We are in the process of negotiating rate increases with many customers during the traditionally substantial spring bid season. Market responsiveness to the collective capacity and service challenges facing the industry has been very favorable, as our strategic customers want to ensure we are providing sustainable transportation solutions across all modes.

During first quarter 2014, we continued to increase our emphasis on minimizing empty miles and maximizing utilization in our One-Way Truckload fleet. We improved our total company empty mile percentage 106 basis points in first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013. Average monthly miles per truck declined 1.5% in first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013; however, truck miles were hampered in first quarter 2014 by several severe winter storms, during which we chose safety over productivity. We were encouraged by mileage trends as the current quarter progressed and the weather issues began to subside in March. Total miles during first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013 declined 6.6% in January, declined 5.8% in February and increased 1.5% in March. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's revised driver hours of service ("HOS”) rules became effective July 1, 2013. Among the changes were more restrictive requirements covering driver use of the 34-hour restart rule and a new mandatory 30-minute rest period after 8 hours on duty. We believe that these HOS changes negatively impacted miles per truck by two to three percent. We continue to work closely with customers and drivers to minimize the impact of these changes and obtain adequate rate relief. In addition to the HOS changes, truck mix changes (more Specialized Services, less One-Way Truckload) also affected truck utilization.

Harsh winter weather in first quarter 2014 also caused higher expenses in several categories. As we noted in our Form 10-K filing on February 25, 2014, severe snow, ice and cold weather in multiple geographic regions caused a significant increase in costs in January and February 2014 in the areas of operating supplies and maintenance, insurance and claims, fuel (due to increased truck idling) and the impact of higher fixed costs per mile due to lower miles per truck.

We continue to diversify our business model with the goal of achieving a balanced portfolio of revenues comprised of One-Way Truckload (which includes the short-haul Regional, medium-to-long-haul Van and Expedited fleets), Specialized Services and Logistics (VAS). In first quarter 2014, we averaged 7,004 trucks in service in the Truckload segment and 47 intermodal drayage trucks in the VAS segment. We ended the quarter with 7,080 trucks in the Truckload segment and 45 intermodal drayage trucks in the VAS segment. Our Specialized Services unit, primarily Dedicated, ended the quarter with 3,525 trucks (or 50% of our total Truckload segment fleet).

Diesel fuel prices were 4 cents per gallon lower in first quarter 2014 than in first quarter 2013 and were 9 cents per gallon higher than in fourth quarter 2013. For the first 21 days of April 2014, the average diesel fuel price per gallon was 6 cents higher than the average diesel fuel price per gallon in the same period of 2013 and 10 cents higher than in second quarter 2013. When fuel prices rise rapidly, a negative earnings lag occurs because the cost of fuel rises immediately and the market indexes used to determine fuel surcharges increase at a slower pace. In a period of declining fuel prices, we generally experience a temporary favorable earnings effect because fuel costs decline at a faster pace than the market indexes used to determine fuel surcharges. Diesel fuel prices declined in second quarter 2013 from first quarter 2013 which caused a two cent per company mile reduction in net fuel costs in second quarter 2013 compared to first quarter 2013. The components of the Company's total fuel cost consist of and are recorded in our income statement as follows: (i) Fuel (fuel expense for company trucks excluding federal and state fuel taxes); (ii) Taxes and Licenses (federal and state fuel taxes); and (iii) Rent and Purchased Transportation (fuel component of our independent contractor costs, including the base cost of fuel and additional fuel surcharge reimbursement for costs exceeding the fuel base).

Capacity in our industry remains constrained by economic and safety regulatory factors. Following the 2008 recession, class 8 truck builds have been low, resulting in an industry average truck age that remains historically high at 6.5 years. It is very difficult for many smaller and medium size private carriers to replace their older, lower-value trucks with much higher cost, EPA-compliant new trucks, which significantly reduces the risk of trucks being added to the market. We reduced the average age of our much younger truck fleet by half a year during 2011 and 2012, with net capital expenditures totaling $457 million during that two-year period. The significantly higher cost of new trucks and resulting higher depreciation expense and related diesel exhaust fluid costs is not being recovered through a single year customer rate review cycle. We continue to invest in equipment solutions including more aerodynamic truck features, idle reduction systems, tire inflation systems and trailer skirts to improve the mile per gallon efficiency of our fleet. Net capital expenditures in first quarter 2014 were $16 million. We estimate net capital expenditures for the year 2014 to be in the range of $150 to $200 million. The average age of our truck fleet as of March 31, 2014, was 2.5 years, and our goal for year end 2014 is an average truck age in the range of 2.3 years to 2.5 years. We remain committed to investing in a best in class fleet for the benefit of our customers, our drivers and the Werner brand.

The driver recruiting and retention market remained extremely challenging during first quarter 2014. Significant difficult factors included a declining number of, and increased competition for, driver training school graduates, a gradually declining national unemployment rate, and increased job competition from the strengthening housing construction and hydraulic fracturing markets. We expect the driver market to become more problematic as the year progresses.

Gains on sales of assets were $4.6 million in first quarter 2014. This compares to gains on sales of assets of $3.5 million in first quarter 2013 and $3.7 million in fourth quarter 2013, which included a $0.7 million gain from the sale of real estate. In first quarter 2014, we realized lower average gains per truck and sold more trucks and trailers compared to first quarter 2013. Gains on sales of assets are reflected as a reduction of Other Operating Expenses in our income statement.

To provide shippers with additional sources of managed capacity and network analysis, we continue to develop our non-asset-based VAS segment. VAS includes Brokerage, Freight Management, Intermodal and Werner Global Logistics (International).

  Three Months Ended
March 31,
2014   2013

Value Added Services (amounts in thousands)

$   % $   %
Operating revenues $ 85,154 100.0 $ 82,510 100.0
Rent and purchased transportation expense 72,554   85.2 69,197   83.9
Gross margin 12,600 14.8 13,313 16.1
Other operating expenses 10,745   12.6 9,700   11.7
Operating income $ 1,855   2.2 $ 3,613   4.4

In first quarter 2014, VAS revenues increased $2.6 million or 3%, and operating income dollars decreased $1.8 million or 49%, compared to first quarter 2013. The increase in VAS revenues was due primarily to an increase in the number of Brokerage shipments. Operating income was impacted by a lower gross margin percentage for contractual business due to higher third party carrier costs as capacity tightened during first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013.

Comparisons of the operating ratios for the Truckload segment (net of fuel surcharge revenues of $87.0 million and $91.6 million in first quarters 2014 and 2013, respectively) and the VAS segment are shown below.

  Three Months Ended  
March 31,

Operating Ratios

2014   2013 Difference
Truckload Transportation Services 93.4% 92.6% 0.8%
Value Added Services 97.8% 95.6% 2.2%

Fluctuating fuel prices and fuel surcharge collections impact the total company operating ratio and the Truckload segment's operating ratio when fuel surcharges are reported on a gross basis as revenues versus netting against fuel expenses. Eliminating fuel surcharge revenues, which are generally a more volatile source of revenue, provides a more consistent basis for comparing the results of operations from period to period. The Truckload segment's operating ratios for first quarter 2014 and first quarter 2013 are 94.8% and 94.2%, respectively, when fuel surcharge revenues are reported as revenues instead of a reduction of operating expenses.

Our financial position remains strong. As of March 31, 2014, we had $40.0 million of debt outstanding and $775.0 million of stockholders' equity. During first quarter 2014, the Company purchased 500,000 shares of its common stock for a total cost of $12.9 million.

During first quarter 2014, the Company was pleased to once again be recognized by Forbes magazine on the 2014 list of America’s Most Trustworthy Companies. This award recognizes companies that consistently display accounting transparency and integrity, have a low occurrence of high risk events, and have appropriate board supervision and corporate accounting and management practices.

(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2014   2013
$   % $   %
Operating revenues $ 492,022   100.0   $ 492,887   100.0  
Operating expenses:
Salaries, wages and benefits 134,713 27.4 133,105 27.0
Fuel 91,075 18.5 96,793 19.6
Supplies and maintenance 45,854 9.3 43,128 8.8
Taxes and licenses 20,832 4.2 21,624 4.4
Insurance and claims 20,206 4.1 19,801 4.0
Depreciation 43,123 8.8 42,331 8.6
Rent and purchased transportation 111,646 22.7 106,318 21.6
Communications and utilities 3,499 0.7 3,142 0.6
Other (2,367 ) (0.5 ) (2,048 ) (0.4 )

Total operating expenses

468,581   95.2   464,194   94.2  
Operating income 23,441   4.8   28,693   5.8  
Other expense (income):
Interest expense 94 144
Interest income (655 ) (0.1 ) (505 ) (0.1 )
Other 4     (10 )  
Total other expense (income) (557 ) (0.1 ) (371 ) (0.1 )
Income before income taxes 23,998 4.9 29,064 5.9
Income taxes 9,659   2.0   11,553   2.3  
Net income $ 14,339   2.9   $ 17,511   3.6  
Diluted shares outstanding 73,169   73,782  
Diluted earnings per share $ 0.20   $ 0.24  
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2014   2013


Truckload Transportation Services $ 403,185 $ 408,900
Value Added Services 85,154 82,510
Other 3,989 2,044
Corporate 558   650  
Subtotal 492,886 494,104
Inter-segment eliminations (1) (864 ) (1,217 )
Total $ 492,022   $ 492,887  

Operating Income

Truckload Transportation Services $ 20,780 $ 23,615
Value Added Services 1,855 3,613
Other 484 905
Corporate 322   560  
Total $ 23,441   $ 28,693  

(1) Inter-segment eliminations represent transactions between reporting segments that are eliminated in consolidation.

Three Months Ended  
March 31,
2014 2013 % Change

Truckload Transportation Services segment

Average percentage of empty miles 11.97 % 13.03 % (8.1 )%
Average trip length in miles (loaded) 466 465 0.2


Average tractors in service 7,004 7,157 (2.1 )%
Average revenues per tractor per week (1) $ 3,422 $ 3,368 1.6


Total trailers (at quarter end) 21,650 22,100
Total tractors (at quarter end)
Company 6,380 6,425
Independent contractor 700   665  
Total tractors 7,080 7,090

Value Added Services segment

Total VAS shipments 62,292 64,366 (3.2 )%
Less: Non-committed shipments to truckload segment 16,497   19,946   (17.3 )%
Net VAS shipments 45,795   44,420   3.1


Average revenue per shipment $ 1,717   $ 1,677   2.4


Average tractors in service 47 40
Total trailers (at quarter end) 1,930 1,580
Total tractors (at quarter end) 45 41

(1) Net of fuel surcharge revenues.

(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2014 2013
Capital expenditures, net $ 16,046 $ 21,306
Cash flow from operations 59,209 76,606
Return on assets (annualized) 4.2 % 5.3 %
Return on equity (annualized) 7.4 % 9.7 %
(In thousands, except share amounts)
March 31, December 31,
2014 2013
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 56,468



Accounts receivable, trade, less allowance of $10,032 and $9,939, respectively 244,294 231,647
Other receivables 11,680 10,769
Inventories and supplies 14,519 15,743
Prepaid taxes, licenses and permits 11,017 15,064
Current deferred income taxes 25,852 25,315
Other current assets 34,850     27,445  
Total current assets 398,680     349,661  
Property and equipment 1,705,581 1,727,737
Less – accumulated depreciation 758,892     750,219  
Property and equipment, net 946,689     977,518  
Other non-current assets 27,240     26,918  
Total assets $ 1,372,609  


Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 70,187


Insurance and claims accruals 64,764 59,811
Accrued payroll 25,385 22,785
Other current liabilities 30,162     18,457  
Total current liabilities 190,498     167,731  
Long-term debt, net of current portion 40,000 40,000
Other long-term liabilities 14,948 14,710
Insurance and claims accruals, net of current portion 130,700 131,900
Deferred income taxes 221,440 227,237
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $.01 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized; 80,533,536
shares issued; 72,389,330 and 72,713,920 shares outstanding, respectively 805 805
Paid-in capital 99,973 98,534
Retained earnings 841,561 830,842
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (4,621 ) (4,631 )
Treasury stock, at cost; 8,144,206 and 7,819,616 shares, respectively (162,695 )   (153,031 )
Total stockholders’ equity 775,023     772,519  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 1,372,609  



Werner Enterprises, Inc. was founded in 1956 and is a premier transportation and logistics company, with coverage throughout North America, Asia, Europe, South America, Africa and Australia. Werner maintains its global headquarters in Omaha, Nebraska and maintains offices in the United States, Canada, Mexico, China and Australia. Werner is among the five largest truckload carriers in the United States, with a diversified portfolio of transportation services that includes dedicated van, temperature-controlled and flatbed; medium-to-long-haul, regional and local van; and expedited services. Werner's Value Added Services portfolio includes freight management, truck brokerage, intermodal, and international services. International services are provided through Werner's domestic and global subsidiary companies and include ocean, air and ground transportation; freight forwarding; and customs brokerage.

Werner Enterprises, Inc.'s common stock trades on The NASDAQ Global Select MarketSM under the symbol “WERN”. For further information about Werner, visit the Company's website at

This press release may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended. Such forward-looking statements are based on information presently available to the Company's management and are current only as of the date made. Actual results could also differ materially from those anticipated as a result of a number of factors, including, but not limited to, those discussed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

For those reasons, undue reliance should not be placed on any forward-looking statement. The Company assumes no duty or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, although it may do so from time to time as management believes is warranted or as may be required by applicable securities law. Any such updates or revisions may be made by filing reports with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, through the issuance of press releases or by other methods of public disclosure.

Source: Werner Enterprises, Inc.

Werner Enterprises, Inc.
John J. Steele, 402-894-3036
Executive Vice President, Treasurer and
Chief Financial Officer